WHILE the Juvenile Justice (Care and protection of children) Act of 2000 was enacted to safeguard the rights of children, incidents in 14 districts of Tamil Nadu revealed that the provisions of this Act were blatantly violated by the enforcement officers, reveals a study conducted by a Madurai-based NGO. According to the study released by Evidence, the NGO, there were 179 cases registered against juveniles within seven months this year in 14 districts. The child welfare officer from the nearest police station was the only authority empowered to order the arrest of a juvenile in terms of the provisions of the Act. That too only in cases of serious crimes. But often, police officers used their `discrimination’ and arrested children at random. According to A Kadir, the director of Evidence, the study was undertaken to ascertain if the Act was implemented in the 14 districts. As many as 179 cases have been filed against 199 children in these districts, but only 73 of the juveniles were selected for the study. Only in 10 cases out of the 73, the juveniles were handed over to the respective child welfare officers. Sangarapandi (17) of Theni, told Express that he was taken into custody by the po lice for an ordinary quarrel. He was taken to the police station where he was brutally attacked, injured, stripped and beaten. Logeswaran (17) of Sivaganga district, said he was arrested for theft and hung from the beam at the police station. He was beaten with a lathi by four constables. When he was brought down, two policemen had trampled his legs with boots. Kalirajan (14) of Sivakasi, said that he was arrested along with two of his friends, Palpandi (14), and Senthilkumar, as suspects in a case of theft. He was beaten up by three constables with bamboo poles and lathis. Evidence suggested that the State should conduct an empirical research to review the implementation of Act and take action against violators. New Indian Express,Chennai Edition 15th October 2010.